What Is Sindh Taas Agreement in Urdu

Sindh Taas Agreement in Urdu: Understanding the Historic Treaty

The Sindh Taas Agreement, also known as the Treaty of Sindh, is a historic agreement that was signed between the British Raj and the Talpur Mirs of Sindh in 1839. This treaty is of significant importance in the history of Pakistan, particularly for the province of Sindh, as it marked the end of the Talpur Mirs` reign and the beginning of British Raj`s rule.

The agreement was signed on February 14, 1839, between Colonel William Henry Prendergast, on behalf of the British, and Mir Nasir Khan Talpur, on behalf of the Talpur Mirs. The treaty was signed after a fierce battle between the British and the Talpur Mirs at Miani, where the British emerged victorious.

The Sindh Taas Agreement consisted of 26 articles, which outlined the terms and conditions of the agreement. One of the most important articles of the treaty was Article III, which stated that the British would control the foreign relations of Sindh, thereby relinquishing the Talpur Mirs` control over the province`s external affairs.

Under the treaty, the Talpur Mirs were required to pay an indemnity of rupees one crore to the British, which was to be paid in installments over a period of three years. Additionally, the Mirs were required to cede control of the city of Karachi, along with its harbor, to the British.

The Sindh Taas Agreement was not without controversy, as many historians believe that the Talpur Mirs were coerced into signing the agreement under duress. According to some accounts, the British had threatened to destroy Hyderabad, the capital of Sindh, if the Talpur Mirs did not sign the treaty.

The Sindh Taas Agreement marked the end of the Talpur Mirs` reign, who had ruled Sindh for over two centuries. The British Raj`s rule in Sindh lasted for over 100 years, until Pakistan gained independence in 1947.

In conclusion, the Sindh Taas Agreement in Urdu holds immense significance in the history of Sindh and Pakistan. While some may view it as a historic treaty that marked the end of one era and the beginning of another, others see it as a symbol of the region`s colonial past. Understanding the nuances of this treaty is crucial to understanding the history and culture of Sindh and Pakistan.